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 LIMITED ACCESS TO MEDICINES 2 billion people do not have access to basic medicines1. 42%OF THE COUNTERFEIT DRUGS SEIZED SINCE 2013 HAVE BEEN ON THE AFRICAN CONTINENT, ACCORDING TO THE WHO. THE4 CHALLENGES OF MEDICINE ACCESSIBILITY2 • Provide sufficient quantities of drugs that meet the populations’ needs. • Ensure affordable prices for patients and health systems. • Guarantee satisfactory quality, safety and efficiency. • Make drug distribution networks more efficient. INSUFFICIENT TRAINING OF DRUG SPECIALISTS CONTEXT and challenges NUMBER OF PROFESSIONALS The WHO recommends at least 1 pharmacist per 15,000 inhabitants. Togo has only 1 per 435,000 inhabitants. In Burkina Faso or Mali, this ratio is 1 per 111,0003. MOTHERS AND CHILDREN AT RISK The United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goal is to lower the global maternal mortality rate to below 70 per 100,000 births. 470 women die per 100,000 live births, compared to 210 globally; in 2012, the infant mortality rate was 54 per 1,000, compared to 3.7 in France 4.   1 World Health Organization, “Ten Years of Public Health”, 2007-2017 • 2 Secteur privé & développement magazine - Proparco - Le médica- ment en Afrique : répondre eux enjeux d’accessibilité et de qualité (Medicines in Africa: meeting accessibility and quality challenges), 2017 • 3 World Health Organization • 4 Fondation Pierre Fabre – 14 In Laos, 

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